The enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in Brazil has always been a very controversial theme in the Brazilian legal system, given the conservatism of its courts. Since the colonial period, considering the Brazilian economic evolution and the consequent increase of international trade transactions, the legal unreliableness of the parties when trying to enforce foreign arbitral awards in Brazil demonstrated the need for modernization of its arbitral proceedings. Anxiously expected, this modernization gave its first step when the Brazilian Arbitration Law was enacted, strengthening the principle of party autonomy in the contracts. In 2002, finally attending the aspirations of the international trade community, Brazil ratified the New York Convention, which brought many changes regarding the enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in the country. This paper aims to expound some features concerning the enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in Brazil, before and after the ratification of the above-mentioned Convention by the South-American country. It also presents some important changes made in the Brazilian domestic arbitral proceedings in order to adapt the enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in Brazil to the international standards.